Last update on December 12, 2022

Maximum speed 70 km/h km/h
Length 9,47 m
Height 2,30 m
Weight 42,5t T80 / 46t T80U kg
Operational Range 320 km km
Crew 3
Caliber 2A46 125mm smoothbore
Engine SG-1000 gas turbine – 23.5 hp/tonn
Ground Forces


Marine Corps


Air Assault Forces


Variants of T-80

T-80BV (Object 219RV)

The T-80B fitted with Kontakt-1 explosive reactive armor for a higher level of protection. T-80B’s would receive a new 30mm steel plate to increase it’s protection to BV standard.
The main armament of the T-80BV consists of one 125mm 2A46 smoothbore gun which can fire a full range of ammunition including APFSDS (Armour-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot), HEAT (High-Explosive Anti-Tank), HE-Frag (High Explosive Fragmentation) and training.
The T-80BV MBT is motorized with a GTD-1000TF gas turbine engine developing 1,000 hp., which is essentially a three-shaft unit fitted with two independent turbo-compressors and a free turbine.
Standard equipment of the T-80BV MBT includes NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) protection system, night vision, and fording kit. The driver is equipped with modern TVN-5/TVN-5M binocular night vision goggles.

T-80UD (Object 478B)

The T-80UD has a new welded turret and is armed with a fully-stabilized 125 mm smoothbore gun, fitted with a carousel-type autoloader. This tank is powered by the 6TD diesel engine, developing 1 000 hp. Diesel engine of the T-80UD is 8-10 times cheaper to produce and consumes 20-40% less fuel comparing with the gas turbine of the T-80U.
It is endowed with:
– a set of sensors for firing conditions, consisting of sensors: transverse wind, roll, tank speed, heading angle (cosine potentiometer);
– a gunner’s night sight TPN-4E with dependent stabilization of the field of view in two planes;

The T-80UD has a new reactive armor ERA Konktat-5.

T-80UK (Object 219AS)

The Tank is equipped with Shtora-1 APS, thermal imaging night sight TO1-PO2T (detection range, target classification range = 6,400; 4,600 meters at night), new atmospheric parameter sensor, R-163U and R-163K radio stations, HE shell remote detonation system, Kontakt 5 ERA.
It is adopted by the army in the 1990s.

T-80UE-1 (Object 219sp2)

The T-80UE-1 version is made by mating T-80UD turret with T-80BV hull (with some improvements to bring the hull to T-80U level, as Kontakt-5 ERA for example).

T-80UM-1 Bars

The T-80UM1 is fitted with the more advanced Arena (or Kazt) Defensive Aid Suite (DAS). The Tank is also fitted with a GTD-1250-G engine, air conditioning system, roof-mounted DV-EBS wind sensor, Buran-M stabilized gunner’s day/night sight, RPZ-86M anti-radar coating, increased power stabilization system for the 125 mm 2A46M-4 main armament, KAKTUS explosive reactive armor system, Tuman rapid action fire detection and suppression system, anti-fragmentation screens made of Kevlar type material, NSTV 12.7 mm remote-controlled machine gun, Ainet automatic fuze setting system for 125 mm high-explosive fragmentation ammunition and the 45M fire-control system which includes a day/thermal sighting system of Russian or foreign origin.

T-80UM2 Black Eagle (Object 640)

The prototype was based on a lengthened T-80U hull, with an extra pair of road wheels (seven on both side) and a brand new turret. It appeared to have had very thick front armour and new-generation Kaktus explosive reactive armour on the hull and turret. The turret had a very large, box-shaped turret bustle instead of the traditional dome shape of previous Soviet and Russian main battle tanks.

A planed production model was proposed with 135 mm, 140 mm, or even 152 mm main gun.

There was debate about whether the Black Eagle would incorporate the Drozd or Arena countermeasure.



The T80BVM is a recent upgraded version of the T-80BV

Current operators of T-80

1st Special Purpose Brigade


1 ОБрСпП

23rd Tank Battalion


23 ОТБ

25th Airborne Brigade


25 ОПДБр

30th Mechanized Brigade


30 ОМБр

35th Marine Brigade


35 ОБрМП

36th Marine Brigade


36 ОБрМП

79th Air Assault Brigade


79 ОДШБр

80th Air Assault Brigade


80 ОДШБр

81st Airmobile Brigade


81 ОАеМБр

93rd Mechanized Brigade


93 ОМБр

95th Air Assault Brigade


95 ОДШБр

199th Training Center


199 НЦ